1 Introduction / Executive Summary
Consumer Identity and Access Management (CIAM) is a well-established and innovative branch of the broader IAM field. CIAM solutions are designed to address specific technical requirements that consumer-facing organizations have that differ from traditional “workforce” or Business-to-Employee (B2E) use cases.
CIAM systems allow users to register, associate device and other digital identities, authenticate, authorize, collect, and store information about consumers from across many domains. Unlike workforce IAM systems though, information about consumer users often arrives from many unauthoritative sources. Information collected about consumers can be used for many different purposes, such as authorization to resources or for transaction, or for analysis to support marketing campaigns, or Know Your Customer (KYC) and Anti-Money Laundering (AML) regulatory compliance. Moreover, CIAM systems must be able to manage many millions to even billions of identities, and process potentially tens of billions of logins and other transactions per day. SaaS delivery of CIAM services is the norm and will remain so.
CIAM systems can aid in other types of regulatory compliance. Since GDPR took effect in the EU in May of 2018, collecting clear and unambiguous consent from consumers for the use of their data has become mandatory. Many CIAM solutions provide this capability, plus offer consumers dashboards to manage their information sharing choices. Moreover, CIAM systems can help corporate customers implement consistent privacy policies and provide the means to notify users when terms change and then collect acknowledgement.
Improving the consumer experience is often a goal in deploying or upgrading CIAM solutions. With the increasing digitization of Business-to-Consumer (B2C) interactions, consumers are asked to create and use more and more accounts and passwords. Managing the escalating numbers of digital accounts can be burdensome for consumers if the CIAM systems with which they are engaging are not optimally designed, implemented, and continuously tuned.
CIAM platforms are used by both for-profit and non-profit organizations. Some government agencies use CIAM for government-to-citizen (G2C) identity management scenarios. For-profit businesses typically have more consumer data and marketing objectives. Non-profits use CIAM to host the identity information of donors, volunteers, and service recipients. Government agencies use CIAM to manage citizen identities for government interactions, such as paying taxes, fees, or fines; registering for licenses and services; managing applications; and various other use cases. All such organizations need to provide the means for consumers or citizens to register, manage their user profiles, authenticate, and get authorized for different kinds of resource access. Most also need dashboards for monitoring utilization, reports on historical activities, and the ability to collect other metrics.
The CIAM market continues to grow in terms of numbers of vendors, numbers of organizations deploying CIAM, and the numbers for consumer engagement. The trend toward digitalization of consumer experiences was well underway in the late 2010s, and the Covid pandemic forced more businesses and other organizations to expedite digital transformation. With every iteration of this report, we observe significant acquisitions of CIAM specialists by others in the market, and entry into the market of new vendors. These trends will continue for the foreseeable future.
- Innovation in CIAM drives the wider IAM market. The “consumerization of IT” is exemplified by the push to use CIAM methods and technologies for registration, authentication, and authorization in workforce IAM.
- Features that were considered innovative in the previous edition of this report are going mainstream.
- The new entrants in CIAM tend to coalesce locally; that is, the startups form to address region or country specific use cases, populations, or government regulations. In other cases, new CIAM businesses offer some new technologies, modifications on deployment methods, or better licensing or subscription models.
- Support for consumer IoT device identity linking is growing. Smart Home, wearable, and entertainment devices are proliferating, thus the need for such integration will increase as well.
- Account TakeOver (ATO) protection is required for all industries and use cases. Some CIAM platforms provide advanced capabilities, and others provide connectors to third-party services. Multi-factor authentication is a primary defense mechanism against ATO.
- Participating vendors indicate that MFA usage remains relatively low among their customers.
- Account Opening (AO) fraud is a persistent problem across many industries, particularly those in finance. Identity proofing services help mitigate against AO fraud, and some CIAM service providers have integrations with one or more identity proofing services.
- Consent collection and management requirements are expanding as more jurisdictions enact privacy regulations. However, consent management capabilities within CIAM platforms differ in the quality of consent management features provided, with some offering turnkey regulatory support while others deliver a Do-It-Yourself (DIY) consent collection base that needs customization.
- The Overall Leaders in CIAM in alphabetical order are ForgeRock, IBM, LoginRadius, Microsoft, Okta, OneWelcome, Ping Identity, SAP, Transmit Security, and WSO2.
- The Product Leaders in CIAM are cidaas, Cloudentity, ForgeRock, IBM, LoginRadius, Okta, OneWelcome, Ping Identity, SAP and WSO2.
- The Innovation Leaders in CIAM are 1Kosmos, cidaas, Cloudentity, ForgeRock, IBM, LoginRadius, Okta, OneWelcome, Ping Identity, SAP, Transmit Security, and XAYONE
- The Market Leaders in CIAM are ForgeRock, IBM, LoginRadius, Microsoft, Okta, Ping Identity and SAP.