There is no doubt that organizations need both a plan for what happens in case of security incidents and a way to identify such incidents. For organizations that either have high security requirements or are sufficient large, the standard way for identifying such incidents is setting up a Security Operations Center (SOC).
However, setting up a SOC is not that easy. There are a number of challenges. The three major ones (aside of funding) are:
- Integration & Processes
The list is, from our analysis, order in according to the complexity of challenges. Clearly the biggest challenge as of today is finding the right people. Security experts are rare, and they are expensive. Furthermore, for running a SOC you not only need subject matter experts for network security, SAP security, and other areas of security. In these days of a growing number of advanced attacks, you will need people who understand the correlation of events at various levels and in various systems. These are even more difficult to find.
The second challenge is integration. A SOC does not operate independently from the rest of your organization. There is a need for technical integration into Incident Management, IT GRC, and other systems such as Operations Management for automated reactions on known incidents. Incidents must be handled efficiently and in a defined way. Beyond the technical integration, there is a need for well thought-out process for incident and crisis management or, as it commonly is named, Breach & Incident Response.
The third area is technology. Such technology must be adequate for today’s challenges. Traditional SIEM (Security Information and Event Management) isn’t sufficient anymore. SIEM solutions might complement other solutions, but there needs to be a strong focus on analytics and anomaly detection. From our perspective, the overarching trend goes towards what we call RTSI - Real Time Security Intelligence. RTSI is more than just a tool, it is a combination of advanced analytical capabilities and managed services.
We see a growing demand for these solutions – I’d rather say that customers are eagerly awaiting the vendors delivering mature RTSI solutions, including comprehensive managed services. There is more demand than delivery today. Time for the vendors to act. And time for customers to move to the next level of SOCs, well beyond SIEM.